Your Search Found 293 Resources

QuakeSmart Community Resilience Program for Businesses and Organizations

Most of the United States is atsome risk for earthquakes, and it is important that organizations (businesses, community groups, associations, etc.) understand the potential impacts. Developing a Preparedness and Mitigation Project Plan and taking action protects employees, customers,and business continuity.

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Volunteer Guide – Wildfire Mitigation

The first step in applying an effective wildfire mitigation strategy is to understand how fire occurs, how wildland fires ignite homes, and how conditions can create highly ignitable homes and buildings. Fire can only occur if three elements are present—air, heat and fuel. If you remove any one of these three elements, fire cannot happen. [...]

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A Systematic Review on Assessment Models and Tools

A literature review of existing community disaster resilience metrics, focusing only on assessment tools or models — not frameworks, actions, planning, characteristics, and indicators.

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Earthquake Mitigation Toolkit

FLASH developed the Mitigation Outreach Academy to equip volunteers with useful mitigation outreach resources as they advocate for home mitigation and preparedness before and after they serve in the disaster zone.

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FLASH “How-to” Video Library

These mitigation how-to videos give homeowners access to DIY activities that provide life safety by strengthening the structure of a home.

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“How-to” FLASH Cards

These mitigation FLASH cards give homeowners access to DIY activities that provide life safety by strengthening the structure of a home.

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Roof Sheathing Installation – Volunteer Cards

These reference cards provide information about proper roof sheathing installation, emphasize its importance especially in coastal construction, and illustrate fastening methods that enhance the durability in high wind areas.

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Wood Construction Connectors – Volunteer Cards

These cards are guidelines for volunteers attaching construction connectors when rebuilding or mitigating against high wind events.

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Flood Clean Up and Debris Removal – Volunteer Cards

These cards highlight best practices and guidelines for cleanup activities immediately following a flooding event.

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High Wind Mitigation Volunteer Guide

This volunteer mitigation guide provides guidance on how to improve the wind resistance of existing residential buildings and provides guidance that parallels with the information provided in the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) publication P-804, Wind Retrofit Guide for Residential Homes, FEMA P-499, Home Builder’s Guide to Coastal Construction – Technical Fact Sheet Series and [...]

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Flood Mitigation Volunteer Guide

This Flood Hazard Guidance provides volunteer construction managers with information concerning the impacts of flooding on residential structures and most importantly methods to mitigate the damage caused by flooding. It is understood that by the time the volunteer teams begin rework of the home, all insurance and other recovery issues are being addressed by a [...]

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Earthquake Mitigation Training Toolkit

This toolkit serves a dual function. It provides access to mitigation information and helps volunteers tell their story by transforming experience into educational tools. Volunteers can take resilience to the next level and recruit new advocates to the disaster safety movement, creating resilience influencers within their organizations and communities.

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High Wind Mitigation Training Toolkit

This toolkit serves a dual function. It provides access to mitigation information and helps volunteers tell their story by transforming experience into educational tools. Volunteers can take resilience to the next level and recruit new advocates to the disaster safety movement, creating resilience influencers within their organizations and communities.

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Building Codes: The Foundation for Resilience Commentary

Click to view: http://flash.org/building-codes.pdf

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Immediate Actions After Flood Events V-Card

Many organizations provide checklists and guidelines for cleanup activities immediately following a flooding event. These cards highlight the best practices for volunteers.

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3-17-14 Moore, OK Building Code Article

Moore Building Code article can be found at http://www.newson6.com/story/24998925/moores-new-building-codes .

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3-24-14 Seattle Times Article on Snohomish County Mudslide

Article Leslie mentioned at TSC meeting on 3/26 regarding the Snohomish County Washington Mudslide. http://seattletimes.com/html/localnews/2023218573_mudslidewarningsxml.html

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Volunteer Guide – Wind Mitigation

This document provides guidance that parallels with the information provided in the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) publication P-804, Wind Retrofit Guide for Residential Homes, FEMA P-499, Home Builder’s Guide to Coastal Construction – Technical Fact Sheet Series and the FLASH Blueprint for Safety Field Manual.

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Wind Mitigation Roof Construction V-Cards

These reference cards provide information about proper roof sheathing installation, emphasize its importance especially in coastal construction, and illustrate fastening methods that enhance the durability in high wind areas.

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Wind Mitigation Roof Connector V-Cards

This resource features Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc., wood construction connectors, type H/TSP. These connectors are rated for seismic and hurricane conditions. Reference catalogue F-C22011ADD, 2012 Addendum, Wood Construction Connectors. Type MTS connectors are also rated for hurricane conditions, refer to Technical Bulletin TFLCODE11, Connectors for Florida Hurricane Mitigation Retrofit when reroofing.

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Volunteer Guide – Flood Mitigation

This Flood Hazard Guidance provides volunteer construction managers with information concerning the impacts of flooding on residential structures and most importantly methods to mitigate the damage caused by flooding.

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Printer Friendly FLASH Cards

FLASH Cards provide concise, accurate disaster safety information that has been thoroughly reviewed and approved by the nation’s leading emergency management professionals. Now available in a printer friendly format.

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Federal Alliance for Safe Homes® President and CEO Addresses United Nations in Conjunction with October 7 – World Habitat Day 2013

TALLAHASSEE, Fla., Oct. 7, 2013 — Federal Alliance for Safe Homes (FLASH) President and CEO Leslie Chapman-Henderson delivered remarks at the United Nations (UN) Headquarters Friday in New York as part of a panel entitled “Resilient Design – To Build or Not to Build?”. Her address offered an in-depth look at fostering a ‘culture of [...]

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High-Wind Research Library: Residential Buildings

This online library brings you the latest residential high-wind related research from universities and colleges around the nation. Click on the house feature to review research summaries on each topic. Each summary will provide you with instructions on how to retrieve the full research paper. If you or your institution are interested in posting research [...]

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Hurricane hazard modeling: The past, present, and future

Abstract Hurricane hazard modeling has become a commonly used tool for assessing hurricane risk. The type of hurricane risk considered varies with the user and can be an economic risk, as in the case of the insurance and banking industries, a wind exceedance risk, a flood risk, etc. The most common uses for hurricane hazard [...]

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Multivariate stochastic simulation of wind pressure over low-rise structures through linear model interpolation

Abstract The study focuses on the simulation of time histories of roof loading on low-rise structures for the purpose of determining design loads. Database assisted design (DAD) utilizes datasets from wind tunnel studies conducted over a variety of building shapes and in various roughness length conditions to provide an online database of time histories of [...]

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Water penetration resistance of residential window and wall systems subjected to steady and unsteady wind loading

Abstract This paper presents results from two interrelated studies that investigated the performance of residential window and wall systems subjected to (1) simplified load scenarios and (2) realistic, time-varying load conditions. The first project investigated the diagnostic ability of standard water penetration test methods for the evaluation of residential systems. Static and rapidly pulsed pressure [...]

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Surviving nature’s fury: performance of asphalt shingle roofs in the real world.

When Hurricanes Gustav and Ike raked the coastlines of Louisiana and Texas in 2008, researchers from the Institute for Business & Home Safety (IBHS) and the University of Florida (UF) were presented with a valuable opportunity to investigate the performance of asphalt shingle roofs in real-world storm conditions.

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The vulnerability of residential window glass to lightweight windborne debris

This paper presents the results of an experimental investigation of the momentum threshold required to damage residential window glazing when impacted by roof shingles and wooden dowels. Shingles are among the most common sources of debris in hurricane winds, and they have been observed to be a major contributor to the breach of windows. Wooden [...]

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Engineering Perspectives on Reducing Hurricane Damage to Housing in CARICOM Caribbean Islands

The annual hurricane related losses to Caribbean residential buildings in the past two decades highlight the societal and socioeconomic vulnerability of these islands. Despite considerable hurricane disaster mitigation activity in the Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM), the housing sector in particular remains at an elevated risk for damage. Improving the structural resiliency of homes [...]

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Surface wind measurements in three Gulf Coast hurricanes of 2005

Abstract Detailed observations from surface layer experiments in the path of Atlantic hurricanes are presented in this paper. The purpose is to obtain information that will aid in the reduction of hurricane wind damage to residential structures by providing input for wind tunnel and full-scale flow simulation experiments that assess wind loads on these structures [...]

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Water penetration resistance of residential window and wall systems subjected to steady and unsteady wind loading

This paper presents results from two interrelated studies that investigated the performance of residential window and wall systems subjected to (1) simplified load scenarios and (2) realistic, time-varying load conditions. The first project investigated the diagnostic ability of standard water penetration test methods for the evaluation of residential systems. Static and rapidly pulsed pressure test [...]

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The Florida Coastal Monitoring Program (FCMP): A review

Abstract The Florida Coastal Monitoring Program (FCMP) is a multi-university field research program that was founded in 1998 to study the near-surface wind and rain characteristics of Atlantic hurricanes and their effects on coastal infrastructure. The FCMP has three research thrusts: (1) characterization of surface wind and wind-driven rain conditions, (2) quantification of wind induced [...]

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Post-2004 Hurricane Field Survey of Residential Building Performance

This paper presents the methodology and results of a study of the performance of site-built single-family structures in Florida constructed after Andrew-related changes to the Standard Building Code. A detailed investigation of wind damage as a result of the 2004 hurricane season was conducted. The study provides a quantitative comparison of the relative performance of [...]

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Peak factor estimation in hurricane surface winds

Abstract The peak factor is a critical parameter in estimating short duration peak gust speeds. An analysis of sixty-four 10 m wind field records measured during the 1999–2008 Atlantic hurricane seasons shows a mildly positive non-Gaussian trend in the skewness of velocity with increasing longitudinal turbulence intensity (Iu). Kurtosis values exhibit slightly platykurtic behavior (kurtosis [...]

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Simulation of multivariate non-Gaussian wind pressure on spherical latticed structures

Abstract Multivariate simulation is necessary for cases where non-Gaussian processes at spatially distributed locations are desired. A simulation algorithm to generate non-Gaussian wind pressure fields is proposed. Gaussian sample fields are generated based on the spectral representation method using wavelet transforms method and then mapped into non-Gaussian sample fields with the aid of a CDF [...]

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A historical perspective of the wind resistance of asphalt shingles.

INTRODUCTION Asphalt shingle materials and attach­ment methods have changed significantly since the development of the first asphalt shingle product in 1893. This paper pre­sents an historical overview of asphalt shin­gle roof systems and the advancements in design, composition, and research that have improved shingles’ resistance to wind loading. This document is organized chronologically into four [...]

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Wind Speed Perception and Risk

Background How accurately do people perceive extreme wind speeds and how does that perception affect the perceived risk? Prior research on human–wind interaction has focused on comfort levels in urban settings or knock-down thresholds. No systematic experimental research has attempted to assess people’s ability to estimate extreme wind speeds and perceptions of their associated risks. [...]

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Mechanical resistance properties of FRP/polyol–isocyanate foam sandwich panels

Abstract The mechanical resistance properties of a sandwich panel comprised of fiber reinforced plastic face sheets and a polyol–isocyanate foam core were investigated for use as a structural building component or cladding system. Foam density and thickness were varied to determine the effect on the sandwich panel behavior. The foam materials were tested in direct [...]

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Prior Storm Experience Moderates Water Surge Perception and Risk

Background How accurately do people perceive extreme water speeds and how does their perception affect perceived risk? Prior research has focused on the characteristics of moving water that can reduce human stability or balance. The current research presents the first experiment on people’s perceptions of risk and moving water at different speeds and depths. Methods [...]

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Wind Uplift Capacity of Retrofitted Residential Wood Roof Sheathing Panels

David O. Prevatt, Assistant Professor, Ph.D., P.E. Department of Civil and coastal Engineering University of Florida Project motivation: The damage resulting from residential wood roof sheathing failures in Hurricane Andrew in 1992 prompted building code revisions for sheathing attachment in 1994. However, over 80 percent of today’s residential building stock was constructed prior to the [...]

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Residential Construction Mitigation Program

The Residential Construction Mitigation Program (RCMP) receives $7 million annually from the Florida Hurricane Catastrophe Trust Fund (ch. 215.559, Florida Statutes): – $2.8 million is designated for the Mobile Home Tie-Down Program. Based on legislative directive the Division of Emergency Management provides the funding directly to Tallahassee Community College (TCC). By statute, TCC prepares a [...]

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Local Mitigation Strategies in Florida

A Local Mitigation Strategy (LMS) is a plan developed by the county to reduce and or eliminate the risks associated with natural and man-made hazards. These plans must be in accordance with the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (DMA 2000). DMA 2000 is a mechanism for collaboration between state and local entities that encourages pre-disaster [...]

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FY13 Hazard Mitigation Assistance Unified Guidance

FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant programs provide funding for eligible mitigation activities that reduce disaster losses and protect life and property from future disaster damages including the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP), Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM), Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA).

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Hazard Mitigation Grant Program Desk Reference

The purpose of this reference material is to guide applicants seeking Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) funding made available through this Presidential Disaster Declaration for mitigation projects. It provides useful information that can assist you during the HMGP process from application development through closeout of your mitigation project(s).

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2013 State of Florida Enhanced Hazard Mitigation Plan

Under Section 322 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Stafford Act) enacted under the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (DMA2K), the State of Florida is required to have a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)-approved hazard mitigation plan in order to be eligible for federal hazard mitigation funding. The purpose of [...]

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Hurricane Preparedness Week Mitigation Resources

Hurricane Preparedness Week is a perfect time to provide families with tool and activities to encourage them to get ready for the upcoming season. We have aligned key messages, frequently asked questions and resources with the focus area of the day to give them a straightforward path to hurricane season readiness.

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Community Advocates for Tornado Safety Using Concrete Wall Systems

Illinois ranks 5th in the nation for number of tornadoes. Here’s an example a community that has embraced concrete construction as part of a sustainable, resilient solution to keep residents safe from the destruction of tornadoes.

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Preparing for the True Impact of Natural Disaster

When it comes to disaster resistance and preparedness, most mandatory building and construction criteria are based solely on risk; that is, the probability of a severe weather or other destructive event. However, the key to surviving an event is independent of its probability, and instead relies on the community’s preparedness for the resulting consequences. The [...]

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Resilient Communities Start with More Durable Buildings

A town or city that features stronger, better built buildings, and the roads and services that support them is truly resilient. Its leadership recognizes the value of planning for potential disasters and has taken steps to ensure the community has the ability to survive with less loss of housing, employment, and critical services. Concrete structures [...]

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Build it Better with Concrete

Concrete can play a vital role in providing stronger homes, businesses, and communities. Build with concrete and enjoy peace of mind knowing you are providing unsurpassed safety for the building’s occupants. Concrete structural systems have an inherent staying power unmatched by lighter weight, less robust, conventional systems.

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Mitigation Ideas: A Resource for Reducing Risk to Natural Hazards (FEMA)

The purpose of this document is to provide a resource that communities can use to identify and evaluate a range of potential mitigation actions for reducing risk to natural hazards and disasters. The focus of this document is mitigation, which is action taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to hazards. Ideas for mitigation actions [...]

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Mitigation Ideas: A Resource for Reducing Risk to Natural Hazards (FEMA)

The purpose of this document is to provide a resource that communities can use to identify and evaluate a range of potential mitigation actions for reducing risk to natural hazards and disasters. The focus of this document is mitigation, which is action taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to hazards. Ideas for mitigation actions [...]

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Introduction to Fire Adapted Communities® Brochure

Every year wildfires burn across the United States. Learn what it takes to make your community fire adapted! An Introduction to Fire Adapted Communities® Brochure is a great place to start. This brochure provides an overview of fire adapted community concepts, such as protecting and preparing your home from wildfires, engaging with your fire department [...]

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Before the Smoke! Preparing Your Community for Wildfire (Strategies for Small & Volunteer Fire Departments) DVD

Before the Smoke! Preparing Your Community for Wildfire DVD focuses on how small and volunteer fire departments in wildfire-prone areas can learn to effectively protect their communities even with limited resources. This DVD highlights the work and outreach of three local fire departments whose ongoing relationship with their residents allowed them to implement creative ways [...]

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Firewise® and GIS (Geographic Information System) Pamphlet

The Firewise® and GIS (Geographic Information System) Pamphlet is a reprint of a variety of ESRI (Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc.) publications that includes updated Firewise-specific information on the use, application and adaptation of ArcView GIS in wildland/urban interface situations. The publication includes a discussion of the use of ArcView GIS in Firewise Communities®. (Softbound, [...]

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Firewise Northwest Landscape and Construction Poster Set

This poster set illustrates Firewise® landscape and construction principles in the Northwestern U.S. The poster set makes a great addition to homeowner association gatherings, workshops and Firewise® community day events. Use this poster set to talk to residents about local wildland fire hazards and what they can do to help maintain the landscapes around their [...]

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Firewise Southwest Landscape and Construction Poster Set

This poster set illustrates Firewise® landscape and construction principles in the Southwestern U.S. The poster set makes a great addition to homeowner association gatherings, workshops and Firewise® community day events. Use this poster set to talk to residents about local wildland fire hazards and what they can do to help maintain the landscapes around their [...]

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Firewise Northeast Landscape and Construction Poster Set

This poster set illustrates Firewise® landscape and construction principles in the Northeastern U.S. The poster set makes a great addition to homeowner association gatherings, workshops and Firewise® community day events. Use this poster set to talk to residents about local wildland fire hazards and what they can do to help maintain the landscapes around their [...]

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Firewise Landscaping — Maintenance DVD

This DVD stresses maintenance as the most important factor in keeping the Firewise landscape functioning as a fire resistive barrier to wildland fire. Maintenance tips and suggestions are discussed. (Adult, 9 min, Spanish) When ordering, you may also want to consider: FWC40409 — Safer from the Start: A Guide to Firewise-Friendly Developments Booklet, FWC40511D — [...]

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Firewise®: Community Solutions to a National Problem Pamphlet

The Firewise®: Community Solutions to a National Problem Pamphlet is a complete revision of Fire in the Wildland/Urban Interface: Everyone’s Responsibility, and is a resource for residents, community officials, land managers, firefighters, insurers and others who have a role to play and choices to make in reducing the risk from wildfire. Using examples from Firewise [...]

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Safer From the Start: Developing a Firewise® Community DVD

Developing a Firewise® Community in an area that is prone to wildfire and making it safer can be done cost effectively with great benefits. Safer From the Start: Developing a Firewise Community documents the journey of one developer that incorporated Firewise principles when he developed a new subdivision. It covers the agencies he worked with, [...]

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User Reference Guide to the Firewise Communities/USA Recognition Program

The User Reference Guide to the Firewise Communities/USA® Recognition Program is provided as a general reference and resource for those interested or planning to become a recognized Firewise® community. If you are a homeowner, community resident, community developer or planner, you will learn that wildfires can occur without disastrous loss of life, property and resources. [...]

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Firewise Southeast Landscape and Construction Poster Set

This poster set illustrates Firewise® landscape and construction principles in the Southeastern U.S. The poster set makes a great addition to homeowner association gatherings, workshops and Firewise® community day events. Use this poster set to talk to residents about local wildland fire hazards and what they can do to help maintain the landscapes around their [...]

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Becoming a Recognized Firewise Community/USA® Video – DVD/VHS

The Becoming a Recognized Firewise Community/USA® Video provides the necessary information on how residential developments can become a recognized Firewise® community. A review of selected communities that have received recognition helps explain the Firewise standards and the recognition process. (Adult, 16 min., 2002)

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American Perspectives on the Wildland/Urban Interface Book

The American Perspectives on the Wildland/Urban Interface Book is a compilation of over 20 essays that includes the professional viewpoints on the wildland/urban interface highlighting the problems, concerns, solutions, and recommendations from the various disciplines involved in the processing of planning, building, landscaping, protecting, or living in the interface. (Softbound, 113 pp, 2004) When ordering, [...]

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Safer from the Start: A Guide to Firewise-Friendly Developments Pamphlet

This new guide, developed by NFPA®’s Firewise Communities® program, seeks to help create Firewise communities from the ground up. The Safer from the Start: A Guide to Firewise-Friendly Developments Pamphlet provides developers of new communities and residents of existing community associations with a tool they can use to integrate Firewise concepts into design and development, [...]

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Becoming a Recognized Firewise Community/USA® Brochure

The Becoming a Recognized Firewise Community/USA® Brochure describes the Firewise Communities/USA® recognition program, how a community can participate in the program, Home Ignition Zone concepts, and the benefits of becoming a recognized community. (8 pp, 2006, Package of 25)

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Wildland/Urban Interface Fire Hazards: A New Look at Understanding Hazard Assessment Methodologies Pamphlet

The Wildland/Urban Interface Fire Hazards: A New Look at Understanding Hazard Assessment Methodologies Pamphlet provides individuals and organizations involved or interested in preventing wildland fire disasters with concepts, recommendations, and resources that may be used to assess and mitigate wildfire hazards in WUI areas. It addresses the relationships between the assessment of an individual home [...]

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Does Evacuation Always Mean Life Safety First? DVD

Is evacuation always the safest means to protect lives in a wildfire? This informative DVD set provides material to initiate discussions among residents and local authorities to explore alternatives to evacuation and other appropriate responses to protect residents in the path of a wildfire. The Does Evacuation Always Mean Life Safety First? DVD Set includes [...]

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Firewise Website Bookmark

This handy Bookmark reminds the user of the Firewise website address and the one place they can go to for an extensive library of resources, print materials, DVDs, research information, learning center and much more. (Package of 50)

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Home Improvement: A Firewise® Approach Video – DVD/VHS

This home improvement and landscaping video documents one home’s journey to becoming Firewise®. The Home Improvement: A Firewise Approach Video discusses and illustrates in detail each stage of the landscaping and construction renovations of the home to meet Firewise criteria. (Adult, 15 min., 2003) When ordering, you may also want to consider the Safer from [...]

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Examining Home Destruction in the Wildland/Urban Interface DVD

After a wildfire strikes a community, firefighters are often called upon to determine why certain homes are destroyed, while others remain unharmed. Examining Home Destruction in the Wildland/Urban Interface discusses the scientific process of gathering information that could help firefighters understand what happens during a wildland fire and the factors that can also help make [...]

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Using Water Effectively in the Wildland/Urban Interface Video – DVD/VHS

The Using Water Effectively in the Wildland/Urban Interface Video shows various approaches to effective water use to reduce interface structure loss and how to address the risk to interface residents through Firewise® preparation and mitigation before a wildfire threatens a community. The video provides: •Examples of techniques and strategies •Planning and locating water sources •Assessing [...]

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Introduction to Firewise® Principles & Assessing Homeowner Properties CD-ROM

The Introduction to Firewise® Principles & Assessing Homeowner Properties CD-ROM contains a slide presentation suitable for educating residents, homeowners and others living in communities at risk from experiencing wildland fire. It is also appropriate for community groups that have interest in wildland fire prevention, community service or are considering becoming a recognized Firewise community. Introduction [...]

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Making Your Home Firewise® Video – DVD/VHS

The Making Your Home Firewise® Video presents ideas and techniques for homeowners when constructing or modifying home in the wildland/urban interface areas. Topics covered in the video are: •Roof •Windows •Eaves •Decks •Landscaping The Video also provides information that a prevention officer or anyone with cooperative duties can use in a presentation or as a [...]

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Firewise® Landscape Series DVD and Brochure Set

The Firewise® Landscape Series DVD and Brochure Set was written by landscape architects and designers from across the country. This DVD features three parts: •Part 1: Overview – landscaping design essentials (12 min.) •Part 2: Design and Installation – how a well-planned landscape offers protection from wildfire (15 min.) •Part 3: Maintenance – how to [...]

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Communities Compatible with Nature Brochure

Wildland fires are a natural process. Making a home compatible with nature can help save a home and, ultimately, the entire community during a wildfire. The Communities Compatible with Nature Brochure discusses how taking proactive steps to reduce a home’s vulnerability have a greater chance of withstanding a wildfire.

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Communities Compatible with Nature Brochure

Wildland fires are a natural process. Making a home compatible with nature can help save a home and, ultimately, the entire community during a wildfire. The Communities Compatible with Nature Brochure discusses how taking proactive steps to reduce a home’s vulnerability have a greater chance of withstanding a wildfire.

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Firewise®: Live Compatibly with Nature Bookmark

The beautifully designed Firewise®: Live Compatibly with Nature Bookmark is a handy reminder of the Firewise website. The one place they can go to for an extensive library of outreach print materials, DVDs, research information, firefighter safety materials, online learning center and much more.

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Firewise® Challenge Exhibit Kit

The Firewise® Challenge Exhibit Kit illustrates how to transform a home at risk from wildland fire into a home that could survive. The Kit may be used as an interactive or as a static display and may be embellished with one’s own pieces. Assembly is required. (Appropriate for all ages) When ordering, you may also [...]

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Guide to the Wildland/Urban Interface: Firefighter Safety Series Workbook and Video Set

The Guide to the Wildland/Urban Interface: Firefighter Safety Series Workbook and Video Set is a three part instructional package developed for small community fire departments covering: Fire Behavior, Structure Protection Strategies, and Firefighter Safety in the Wildland/Urban Interface. At the end of each section a set of questions are offered to help reinforce the material [...]

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Firewise® Guide to Landscape and Construction Brochure

The Firewise® Guide to Landscape and Construction Brochure provides homeowners, with important tips on landscaping, the use of the “zone concept”, plantings and maintenance for each zone, and construction considerations that could provide a safer home from wildfire. Space is provided to itemize steps the homeowner might want to consider or projects to complete around [...]

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Firewise® Door Hangers

Looking for an eye-catching informative handout that provides homeowners and residents with simple tips to make their homes safer from wildland fire? Firewise® Door Hangers offer important tasks that can be done year-round or when a wildfire is imminent. Use to canvas residents or pass out during a local Firewise event. Made from durable plastic.

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Wildfire! Preventing Home Ignitions DVD

Wildfire! Preventing Home Ignitions is based on the research of Jack Cohen, Physical Research Scientist, of the U.S. Forest Service. It explains the combustion process and wildfire behavior, what you can do to create survivable space, and why some homes are destroyed while others survive. It also discusses how to identify your home’s Ignition Zone [...]

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Firewise Communities/USA® Bookmark

Learn more about the benefits of becoming a Firewise® community and achieving national recognition and encourage your neighbors and colleagues to become safer from wildfire with this simple Firewise Bookmark. Use this piece to guide people to more information about wildfire safety education, the Firewise web site, and to promote Firewise concepts.

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How to Have a Firewise® Home Brochure

You can help protect your home from wildfire! Learn how with the How to Have a Firewise® Brochure that highlights simple fixes starting from the roof to the foundation to make your home safer from embers and radiant heat. Use as a handout during presentations to residents, homeowners or at Firewise or other community events. [...]

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Getting Started with Firewise® Kit

Fire Corps and the NFPA® Firewise Communities® Program partnered to develop this Getting Started with Firewise Kit. It includes sample Firewise products providing information about building and maintaining communities that are compatible with our natural surroundings. This Kit can be used by fire prevention personnel as well as homeowner groups in educating residents about protecting [...]

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Firewise® Communities: Where We Live, How We Live Book

This full color, Where We Live, How We Live Book illustrates Firewise® homes from different parts of the U.S. that demonstrate aesthetically pleasing landscape designs that function as barriers or fuel breaks from wildfire in fire-prone environments. Explanatory text is provided to describe the designs, plants, and materials used.

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Adopting Firewise Communities/USA®: People Working Together Brochure

The Adopting Firewise Communities/USA®: People Working Together Brochure provides general information about how residents can reduce their risk from wildfires through the Firewise Communities® program, the success and benefits of participation, and the principles of working together and sharing information. The Adopting Firewise Communities Brochure is great for neighborhood meetings, presentations to civic organizations, and [...]

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Firewise Stickers

Use these fun and easy to peel Stickers to help promote the Firewise® Communities program and guide homeowners to the Firewise website.

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Firewise Event Bags

Planning to have a Firewise® day event? This generously sized bag will make it easy to pre-stuff materials to conveniently give away educational material and at the same time spread the word about the Firewise Communities program. These durable plastic bags are also perfect to use as a car litter bag. (Package of 50) When [...]

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Linking Efforts to Improve Disaster Resistance and Energy Efficiency of Homes

Measures that promote disaster resistance in homes have close links to those that promote energy efficiency. Therefore, home construction and retrofits serving both purposes can be installed at the same time. This issue brief explores new and potential future funding and incentives programs that enhance both the energy efficiency and disaster resistance of homes.

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Making Homes More Resistant to Natural Disasters

This issue brief provides an overview of the measures households, builders and contractors can take to construct, renovate or retrofit homes to make them more resistant to natural disasters. In addition the brief gives an overview of community-level planning strategies and regulatory enhancements that can help protect homes and residents from disasters.

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Financing Efforts to Make Homes More Resistant to Natural Disasters

This issue brief describes federal and state programs and resources available for making homes more resistant to natural disasters. There is a particular focus on new programs geared toward financing disaster resistance for multifamily properties and the homes of lower income families.

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HousingPolicy.org Toolkit: Make Homes More Resistant To Natural Disasters

In the wake of Hurricane Katrina, the Iowa floods and other recent natural disasters, federal, state and local disaster responses have been put to the test, and in many cases, revealed their limitations. Among the many lessons learned, these circumstances have emphasized the need for greater pre-disaster mitigation measures for homes: technologies, services and practices [...]

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CodeMaster – Flood Resistant Design (2009/2012 IBC, 2009/2012 IRC, ASCE 7-05/7-10, ASCE 24-05)

This CodeMaster is the first-ever 8-page CodeMaster and contains everything you need to know about designing a structure for flood loads in accordance with the IBC, IRC, ASCE 7 and ASCE 24. It is also the first CodeMaster that works with multiple editions of the I-codes (2009, 2012). In 8 pages, this handy laminated guide [...]

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The Repair of Earthquake Damaged Concrete and Masonry Wall Buildings. (FEMA 308)

This document provides practical guidance for the repair and upgrade of earthquake-damaged concrete and masonry wall buildings. Target audiences include design engineers, building owners and officials, insurance adjusters, and government agencies. The publication contains sections on performance-based repair design, repair technologies, categories of repair, and nonstructural considerations. The last section includes repair guides, which provide [...]

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Evaluation of Earthquake Damaged Concrete and Masonry Wall Buildings: Technical Resources. (FEMA 307)

This document provides background and theoretical information to be used in conjunction with FEMA 306. Analytical and experimental findings are included, as well as information on the Component Damage Classification Guides.

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Evaluation of Earthquake Damaged Concrete and Masonry Wall Buildings: Basic Procedures Manual. (FEMA 306)

This document provides practical criteria and guidance for evaluating earthquake damage to concrete and masonry wall buildings. Component Damage Classification Guides and Test and Investigation Guides are included. Detailed drawings accompany the text.

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Recommended Specifications and Quality Assurance Guidelines for Steel Moment-Frame Construction for Seismic Applications.(FEMA 353)

This two-part publication provides recommended specifications for the fabrication and erection of steel moment-frames for seismic applications. Part One covers recommended specifications, including information on products; execution; welded joint and fabrication details; and quality control and assurance. Part Two outlines quality assurance guidelines; contractor qualifications and quality tasks; quality assurance agency qualifications and quality assurance [...]

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Recommended Seismic Evaluation and Upgrade Criteria for Existing Welded Steel Moment-Frame Buildings. (FEMA 351)

This publication provides recommended methods for evaluating the probable performance of existing steel moment-frame buildings in future earthquakes. It presents guidelines on how to retrofit these buildings for improved performance, a simplified procedure for estimating the probable postearthquake repair costs, and methods for developing building-specific vulnerability and loss functions for steel moment-frame buildings.

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Recommended Seismic Design Criteria for New Steel Moment-Frame Buildings. (FEMA 350

This resource document (FEMA 350) for organizations engaged in the development of building codes and standards provides recommended guidelines for the design and construction of steel moment frame buildings and alternative performance-based design criteria. It supplements the NEHRP Recommended Provisions for Seismic Regulations for New Buildings and other Structures. A series of pre-qualified connection details, [...]

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Recommended Postearthquake Evaluation and Repair Criteria for Welded Steel Moment-Frame Buildings. (FEMA 352)

This report provides recommendations for performing inspections to detect damage in steel moment-frame buildings following an earthquake; evaluating the damaged buildings’ safety in a postearthquake environment; and repairing damaged buildings. Chapters cover inspection and classification of damage; preliminary postearthquake assessment; detailed postearthquake evaluations; and postearthquake repair. The appendices include procedures for performance evaluation; sample placards [...]

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A Policy Guide to Steel Moment-Frame Construction. (FEMA 354)

This guide addresses the social, economic, and political issues related to the earthquake performance of steel moment-frame buildings. Written for building owners, local community officials, and other non-technical audiences, this guide also discusses the relative costs and benefits of implementing the design criteria recommended in FEMA 350 through FEMA 353.

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Next-Generation Performance-Based Seismic Design Guidelines: Program Plan for New and Existing Buildings. (FEMA 445)

This publication is a step-by-step program plan for the current FEMA project with the Applied Technology Council to develop next-generation performance-based seismic design procedures and guidelines for structural and nonstructural components in new and existing buildings. This plan offers a background on current code design procedures, introduces performance-based seismic design concepts, identifies improvements needed in [...]

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Interim Testing Protocols for Determining the Seismic Performance Characteristics of Structural and Nonstructural Components. (FEMA 461)

This publication provides methodologies to measure the seismic performance of buildings’ structural or nonstructural components in a consistent and comparable manner. It describes two laboratory testing protocols that determine fragility functions for various building systems and components. The first protocol, Quasi-Static Cyclic Testing of Structural and Nonstructural Components and Systems, can be used to test [...]

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Effects of Strength and Stiffness Degradation on Seismic Response. (FEMA 440)

This document is a follow-on publication to Improvement of Nonlinear Static Seismic Analysis Procedures (FEMA 440). It provides information that will improve nonlinear analysis for cyclic response, considering cyclic and in-cycle degradation of strength and stiffness. Recent work has demonstrated that it is important to be able to differentiate between cyclic and in-cycle degradation in [...]

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Effects of Strength and Stiffness Degradation on Seismic Response. (FEMA P-440A)

This document is a follow-on publication to Improvement of Nonlinear Static Seismic Analysis Procedures (FEMA 440). It provides information that will improve nonlinear analysis for cyclic response, considering cyclic and in-cycle degradation of strength and stiffness. Recent work has demonstrated that it is important to be able to differentiate between cyclic and in-cycle degradation in [...]

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Action Plan for Performance Based Seismic Design. (FEMA 349)

This document, published as a final draft for informational purposes only, explores the steps required to successfully implement performance-based seismic design (PBSD). Topics discussed include the need for changes in current seismic design practice, the definition of performance-based design, and the products necessary for its effective adoption. The costs involved in obtaining both a basic [...]

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Reducing the Risks of Nonstructural Earthquake Damage—A Practical Guide, Fourth Edition. (FEMA E-74)

This new version of FEMA 74, FEMA E-74 Reducing the Risks of Nonstructural Earthquake Damage—A Practical Guide, Fourth Edition, is designed to be used primarily online (www.fema.gov/earthquake-publications/fema-e-74-reducing-risks-nonstructural-earthquake-damage). The new format makes it simple to browse and to print out the relevant details. The purpose of the document is the same as for the original: to [...]

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Installing Seismic Restraints for Mechanical Equipment. (FEMA 412)

This illustrated guide (available for download from www.viscma.com/publications.htm) shows equipment installers how to attach mechanical equipment to a building to minimize earthquake damage. Many examples using anchoring and seismic-restraint devices are included. The guide begins with a list of various types of equipment and includes a chart that identifies the equipment, the recommended configuration for [...]

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Installing Seismic Restraints for Electrical Equipment. (FEMA 413)

This guide (available for download from www.viscma.com/publications.htm) provides equipment installers with information on how to attach electrical equipment to buildings to minimize earthquake damage. Many examples of attachments are presented, including anchors and seismic restraints. An electrical danger instruction chart and safety requirements and codes are included.

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Installing Seismic Restraints for Duct and Pipe. (FEMA 414)

This is one of three fully illustrated guides (available for download from www.viscma.com/publications.htm) that show equipment installers how to attach mechanical equipment (FEMA 412), electrical equipment (FEMA 413), and duct and pipe (FEMA 414) to buildings to minimize earthquake damage. The guides describe various types of equipment and include a chart that identifies the types [...]

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Unreinforced Masonry Buildings and Earthquakes: Developing Successful Risk Reduction Programs. (FEMA P-774)

This publication provides guidance on reducing the risks faced by those who own, occupy, or use unreinforced masonry (URM) buildings in seismically active areas. Among structures currently in use in U.S. communities, URM buildings are typically the most vulnerable to earthquake damage and the type of construction that is most commonly singled out for voluntary [...]

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Typical Costs for Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings. Volume 2: Supporting Documentation. Second Edition. (FEMA 157)

This document is a companion volume to FEMA 156. The document provides an in-depth discussion of the approaches and methodology that were used in developing the second edition of FEMA 156.

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Typical Costs for Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings. Volume 1: Summary. Second Edition. (FEMA 156)

This publication provides a methodology to estimate the costs of seismic rehabilitation projects at various locations in the United States. This edition is based on a sample of almost 2,100 projects, with data collected using a standard protocol, strict quality control verification, and a reliability rating. A sophisticated statistical methodology applied to this database yields [...]

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Techniques for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings. (FEMA 547)

This seismic rehabilitation techniques document is part of the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) family of publications addressing seismic rehabilitation of existing buildings. It describes common seismic rehabilitation techniques used for buildings represented in the set of standard building types in FEMA seismic publications. This document supersedes FEMA 172, NEHRP Handbook of Techniques for [...]

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Seismic Rehabilitation of Federal Buildings: A Benefit/Cost Model. Volume 2: Supporting Documentation. (FEMA 256)

This supporting documentation contains background information for FEMA 255, including information on valuing public sector services, discount rates and multipliers, the dollar value of human life, and technical issues that affect benefit/cost analysis, such as seismic risk assessment and sensitivity analysis.

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Seismic Rehabilitation of Federal Buildings: A Benefit/Cost Model. Volume 1: A User’s Manual. (FEMA 255)

This user’s manual and accompanying software present a second-generation benefit-cost model for the seismic rehabilitation of federal and other government buildings.The benefit-cost methodology provides facility managers, design professionals, and other decision makers with estimates of the benefits of seismic rehabilitation and the estimated costs needed to implement rehabilitation.The methodology also generates detailed scenario estimates of [...]

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Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazards: Supporting Documentation. Second Edition. (FEMA 155)

This companion document to the Rapid Visual Screening (RVS) handbook (FEMA 154) provides the technical basis for the updated RVS procedure. The document summarizes results from the efforts to solicit user feedback and describes in detail the development of the Basic Structural Hazard Score and the Score Modifier.

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Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazards: A Handbook. Second Edition. (FEMA 154)

The Rapid Visual Screening (RVS) handbook can be used by trained personnel to identify potentially hazardous buildings before an earthquake. The RVS procedure comprises a method and several forms that help users quickly identify, inventory, and rank such buildings according to their expected safety and usability during and after earthquakes. The structural scoring system has [...]

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Prestandard and Commentary for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings. (FEMA 356)

This publication supersedes FEMA 273 and 274 and converts these publications into mandatory prestandard language. This Prestandard serves as a nationally applicable tool for design professionals, code officials, and building owners undertaking the seismic rehabilitation of existing buildings. The publication contains two parts.The Provisions include technical requirements for seismic rehabilitation. The Commentary explains the Provisions. [...]

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FEMA P-420, Engineering Guideline for Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation

This publication serves as a technical resource for design professionals on the topic of incremental seismic rehabilitation and strategies for implementing this approach in practice. The publication includes discussions on several topics including building maintenance, capital improvement and decision-making processes as a basis for communicating with decision-makers on seismic rehabilitation opportunities. In addition, other resource [...]

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FEMA 400, Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation of Hotel and Motel Buildings

This manual provides owners of hotel and motel buildings with the information necessary to assess the seismic vulnerability of their buildings and to implement a program of incremental seismic rehabilitation for those buildings.

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FEMA 399, Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation of Retail Buildings : Providing Protection to People and Buildings

This manual provides owners of Class A, B, or C retail buildings, be they Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs), pension funds, partnerships, individuals, or other forms of ownership, with the information necessary to assess the seismic vulnerability of their buildings and to implement a program of incremental seismic rehabilitation for those buildings.

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FEMA 398, Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation of Multifamily Apartment Buildings : Providing Protection to People and Buildings

This manual provides owners of Class A, B, or C multifamily buildings, be they Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs), pension funds, partnerships, individuals, or other forms of ownership, with the information necessary to assess the seismic vulnerability of their buildings and to implement a program of incremental seismic rehabilitation for those buildings.

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FEMA 397, Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation of Office Buildings: Providing Protection to People and Buildings

This manual provides owners of office buildings, be they Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs), pension funds, partnerships, individuals, or other forms of ownership, with the information necessary to assess the seismic vulnerability of their buildings and to implement a program of incremental seismic rehabilitation for those buildings.

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FEMA 396, Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation of Hospital Buildings : Providing Protection to People and Buildings

This manual provides healthcare organizations with the information necessary to assess the seismic vulnerability of their buildings and to implement a program of incremental seismic rehabilitation for those buildings.

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FEMA 395, Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation of School Buildings (K-12) : Providing Protection to People and Buildings

This publication was developed to provide school administrators with the information necessary to assess the seismic vulnerability of their buildings, and to implement a program of incremental seismic rehabilitation for those buildings.

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Flood Insurance Requirements for Recipients of Federal Disaster Assistance. (FEMA P-695)

When property owners receive financial assistance from the Federal Government following a Presidentially declared disaster, they may be required to purchase flood insurance coverage.

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NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions for New Buildings and Other Structures. 2009 Edition. (FEMA P-750)

The 2009 edition of the NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions is the seventh update since the first publication in 1985. This new edition adopts ASCE/SEI 7-05 by reference, which allows the Provisions to resume its role as the resource for introducing new knowledge, innovative concepts, and design methods to improve the national seismic standards and codes. [...]

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NEHRP Recommended Provisions for New Buildings and Other Structures: Training and Instructional Materials. (FEMA 451B)

These instructional materials (available online at www.bssconline.org/FEMA451B/451Bchapters.htm) are for use with the NEHRP Recommended Provisions: Design Examples (FEMA 451) and provide a means for gaining additional knowledge about earthquake engineering as presented in the 2003 edition of the NEHRP Recommended Provisions (FEMA 450). These materials can be presented to engineers/architects by a qualified speaker with [...]

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NEHRP Recommended Provisions for New Buildings and Other Structures: Training and Instructional Materials. (FEMA 451)

These instructional materials (available online at www.bssconline.org/FEMA451B/451Bchapters.htm) are for use with the NEHRP Recommended Provisions: Design Examples (FEMA 451) and provide a means for gaining additional knowledge about earthquake engineering as presented in the 2003 edition of the NEHRP Recommended Provisions (FEMA 450). These materials can be presented to engineers/architects by a qualified speaker with [...]

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NEHRP Recommended Provisions and Commentary for Seismic Regulations for New Buildings and Other Structures. 2003 Edition. (FEMA 450)

The 2003 edition has been superseded by the 2009 edition (FEMA P-750). The 2003 edition can be used as a resource document for design professionals, local building officials, and federal regulatory agencies whose technical design standards or code requirements refer to this edition of the Provisions. The 2003 edition present criteria for the design and [...]

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Earthquake-Resistant Design Concepts: An Introduction to the NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions for New Buildings and Other Structures. (FEMA P-749)

One of the goals of the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) is to encourage design and construction practices that address the earthquake hazard and minimize the resulting risk to life and property. The publication of FEMA P-749, a companion guide to the 2009 edition of the NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions for New Buildings and [...]

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Designing for Earthquakes: A Manual for Architects. (FEMA 454)

Currently no single publication exists that provides up-to-date information necessary to architects, presented in a form that is attractive, readable, and intelligible to a non-specialist audience. This revised publication will fill that gap. The present publication consists of a series of chapters that provide the foundation for an understanding of seismic design, each authored by [...]

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Design Guide for Improving School Safety in Earthquakes, Floods and High Winds. (FEMA 424)

This manual is intended to provide guidance for the protection of school buildings from natural disasters. This volume concentrates on grade schools, K-12. FEMA P-424 covers earthquakes, floods, and high winds. Its intended audience is design professionals and school officials involved in the technical and financial decisions of school construction, repair, and renovations. NOTE: This [...]

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Design Guide for Improving Hospital Safety in Earthquakes, Floods, and High Winds: Providing Protection to People and Buildings. (FEMA 577)

The intent of the Design Guide is to provide its audience with state-of-the-art knowledge on the variety of vulnerabilities faced by hospitals exposed to earthquakes, flooding, and high-winds risks, as well as the best ways to mitigate the risk of damage and disruption of hospital operations caused by these events. The information presented in this [...]

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Communicating with Owners and Managers of New Buildings on Earthquake Risk. (FEMA 389)

FEMA 389 was developed to facilitate the process of educating building owners and managers about seismic risk management tools that can be effectively and economically employed during the building development phase– from site selection through design and construction– as well as the operational phase. The document provides guidance for identifying and assessing earthquake-related hazards during [...]

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Homebuilders’ Guide to Earthquake-Resistant Design and Construction.(FEMA 232)

This guide replaces the Home Builder’s Guide to Seismic Resistant Construction and all earlier versions of FEMA 232. It presents seismic design and construction guidance for one- and two-family light frame residential structures that can be utilized by homebuilders, homeowners, and other non-engineers, and provides supplemental information to the 2003 edition of the International Residential [...]

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Unreinforced Masonry Buildings and Earthquakes: Developing Successful Risk Reduction Programs (FEMA P-774)

This publication provides guidance on reducing the risks faced by those who own, occupy, or use unreinforced masonry (URM) buildings in seismically active areas. Among structures currently in use in U.S. communities, URM buildings are typically the most vulnerable to earthquake damage and the type of construction that is most commonly singled out for voluntary [...]

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Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings: Strategic Plan 2005. (FEMA 315)

This publication discusses the mission, history, and results of FEMA’s Existing Building Program (EBP) and provides 4 objectives and 25 tasks to be carried out through the EBP. The four objectives are to 1) promote seismic rehabilitation and advance the implementation of previously developed materials; 2) monitor the use of and refine existing materials; 3) [...]

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Seismic Considerations for Communities at Risk

This publication is a companion volume to the 1994 edition of NEHRP Recommended Provisions for Seismic Regulations for New Buildings. The publication provides individuals and community decision-makers with information to assess seismic risk, make informed decisions about seismic safety in their communities, and determine what can be done to mitigate risk. The publication includes information [...]

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Promoting the Adoption and Enforcement of Seismic Building Codes: A Guidebook for State Earthquake and Mitigation Managers (FEMA 313)

This guidebook provides background information and education materials to help state officials promote the adoption, administration, and enforcement of state and local model building codes that contain the latest seismic provisions. The guidebook describes the purpose, function, and effectiveness of building codes in general and seismic codes in particular and presents a step-by-step process for [...]

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Promoting Seismic Safety: Guidance for Advocates (FEMA 474)

This booklet offers research-based advice to assist seismic safety advocates in presenting risk reduction information and ideas. The full-version of Promoting Seismic Safety: Guidance for Advocates is a 200-plus page report that consists of two parts. PDF files are available for downloaded from the MCEER website at http://mceer.buffalo.edu/publications/tricenter/04-SP02/default.asp. Part One is this guidance document for [...]

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Planning for Seismic Rehabilitation: Societal Issues (FEMA 275)

This publication provides users with an understanding of the social and public policy issues that may accompany seismic rehabilitation, such as demographic, social, and economic impacts; historic property restrictions; resident dislocations; and business interruptions. The publication presents a four-step decision process to assist local officials, private owners, and design professionals in determining the need for [...]

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Landslide Loss Reduction: A Guide for State and Local Government Planning (FEMA 182)

The purpose of this guidebook is to provide a practical, politically feasible guide for State and local officials involved in landslide hazard mitigation. The guidebook presents concepts and a framework for the preparation of State and local landslide hazard mitigation plans. It outlines a basic methodology, provides information on available resources, and offers suggestions on [...]

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HAZUS-MH Estimated Annualized Earthquake Losses for the United States

Recent earthquakes around the world show a pattern of steadily increasing damages and losses that are due primarily to two factors: 1) significant growth in earthquake-prone urban areas and 2) vulnerability of the older building stock, including buildings constructed within the past 20 years. This publication, FEMA 366: HAZUS-MH Estimated Annualized Earthquake Losses for the [...]

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Financial Incentives for Seismic Rehabilitation of Hazardous Buildings – An Agenda for Action. Volume 3: Applications Workshops (FEMA 216)

The Financial Incentives series publications (Volumes 1-3, FEMA 198, FEMA 199, and FEMA 216) identify and describe the existing and potential regulatory and financial mechanisms and incentives for lessening the risks posed by existing buildings in an earthquake. Volume 3 provides an account of workshops conducted to develop local agendas for action. It includes directions [...]

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Financial Incentives for Seismic Rehabilitation of Hazardous Buildings – An Agenda for Action. Volume 2: State and Local Case Studies and Recommendations (FEMA 199)

The Financial Incentives series publications (Volumes 1-3, FEMA 198, FEMA 199, and FEMA 216) identify and describe the existing and potential regulatory and financial mechanisms and incentives for lessening the risks posed by existing buildings in an earthquake. Volume 2 includes detailed descriptions of the 20 case studies that were examined as part of the [...]

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Financial Incentives for Seismic Rehabilitation of Hazardous Buildings – An Agenda for Action. Volume 1: Findings, Conclusions, and Recommendations (FEMA 198)

The Financial Incentives series publications (Volumes 1-3, FEMA 198, FEMA 199, and FEMA 216) identify and describe the existing and potential regulatory and financial mechanisms and incentives for lessening the risks posed by existing buildings in an earthquake. Volume 1 includes a discussion of the methodology used in this series, background information on financial incentives, [...]

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Establishing Programs and Priorities for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings: Supporting Report

This publication is a supporting report to Establishing Programs and Priorities for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings: Handbook (FEMA 174). It includes additional information and commentary, annotated bibliographies, and reproductions of selected laws and ordinances that are summarized in FEMA 174.

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Establishing Programs and Priorities for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings: Handbook

This handbook and its supporting report (FEMA 173) provide the information needed to develop a seismic rehabilitation program and establish priorities for rehabilitation. Through the presentation of nationally applicable guidelines, the handbook helps local jurisdictions to make informed decisions about rehabilitating seismically hazardous existing buildings. Included are a review of the relevant technical and societal [...]

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Earthquake-Resistant Design Concepts: An Introduction to the NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions for New Buildings and Other Structures (FEMA P-749)

One of the goals of the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) is to encourage design and construction practices that address the earthquake hazard and minimize the resulting risk to life and property. The publication of FEMA P-749, a companion guide to the 2009 edition of the NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions for New Buildings and [...]

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Creating a Seismic Safety Advisory Board: A Guide to Earthquake Risk Management (FEMA 266)

This guide assists states, state coalitions, and local governments in creating, developing, and nurturing seismic safety advisory boards. The guide provides information on board operations, including staffing and funding a board, and guidelines for strategic planning and developing a model seismic risk management program to measure progress. The appendices include model executive orders, enabling legislation, [...]

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Tremor Troop: Earthquakes – A Teacher’s Package for K-6. Revised Edition (FEMA 159)

This teacher’s package for grades K-6 provides ready-to-use, hands-on activities for students and teachers on the science of earthquakes and earthquake safety. This edition contains assessments throughout the units, matrices linking activities to the National Science Education Standards, and a new glossary. Four of the five units are divided into levels by grades: Level 1, [...]

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The Adventures of Terry the Turtle and Gracie the Wonder Dog, Grades 3-6 (FEMA 531)

This storybook for children in grades 3-6 relates the adventures of the safety-conscious mayor of Shakeyville (Terry the Turtle) and a group of safety volunteers who meet with students at the local elementary school to teach them about earthquake safety. The students discover the importance of earthquake safety and preparedness. Included are suggestions for creating [...]

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Seismic Sleuths: Earthquakes—A Teacher’s Package for Grades 7-12 (FEMA 253)

This package provides middle and high school teachers with information about the causes and effects of earthquakes. Activity sheets for students and background materials for teachers are provided in each of the volume’s six units. The units assess students’ knowledge about earthquakes and provide information about preparedness and emergency management; discuss the causes of earthquakes, [...]

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Earthquake Safety Activities for Children and Teachers (FEMA 527)

This updated publication provides elementary school teachers with ready-to-use, hands-on activities that explain what happens during an earthquake, how to prepare for earthquake shaking, and how to stay safe during and after an earthquake. Included are a variety of handouts for students, including maps, songs, “hazard hunt” worksheets, and earthquake safety checklists.

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Drop, Cover, and Hold Poster (FEMA 529)

This poster (12-inches by 22-inches) is intended for classroom use and updates a previous edition. The poster depicts a teacher and students in a classroom responding appropriately to the first sign of an earthquake (Drop, Cover, and Hold). [Available in English and Spanish in print; Tagalog, Japanese, Chinese (simplified), Vietnamese, Korean, and Chinese (traditional) versions [...]

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Reducing the Risks of Nonstructural Earthquake Damage—A Practical Guide, Fourth Edition (FEMA E-74)

This new version of FEMA 74, FEMA E-74 Reducing the Risks of Nonstructural Earthquake Damage—A Practical Guide, Fourth Edition, is designed to be used primarily online (www.fema.gov/earthquake-publications/fema-e-74-reducing-risks-nonstructural-earthquake-damage). The new format makes it simple to browse and to print out the relevant details. The purpose of the document is the same as for the original: to [...]

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Homebuilders’ Guide to Earthquake-Resistant Design and Construction (FEMA 232)

This guide replaces the Home Builder’s Guide to Seismic Resistant Construction and all earlier versions of FEMA 232. It presents seismic design and construction guidance for one- and two-family light frame residential structures that can be utilized by homebuilders, homeowners, and other non-engineers, and provides supplemental information to the 2003 edition of the International Residential [...]

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Earthquake Safety Guide for Homeowners (FEMA 530)

This updated safety guide, which was originally developed and published by the California Seismic Safety Commission, provides homeowners with a good start to strengthening their homes against earthquake damage. The guide also illustrates the relative cost of prevention versus repair or replacement. (Available in multiple languages)

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FEMA B-526 – Earthquake Safety Checklist

This quick reference guide helps individuals and families prepare for an earthquake and prevent earthquake-related damage to their homes. The easy-to-read booklet features instructions on conducting earthquake drills and “hazard hunts.” Also included are a checklist of disaster supplies, tips on what to do during and after an earthquake, and additional resources. [Available in English [...]

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FEMA 528 – Earthquake Home Hazard Hunt Poster

This poster provides visuals and descriptions so that homeowners can identify and fix at-risk areas of their homes to reduce future earthquake damage and disruption.

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FEMA IS-22 – Are You Ready? An In-Depth Guide to Citizen Preparedness

The guide has been designed to help the citizens of this nation learn how to protect themselves and their families against all types of hazards. It can be used as a reference source or as a step-by-step manual. The focus of the content is on how to develop, practice, and maintain emergency plans that reflect [...]

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Reducing Flood Losses Through the International Codes: Meeting the Requirements of the National Flood Insurance Program

The primary purpose of Reducing Flood Losses Through the International Codes: Meeting the Requirements of the National Flood Insurance Program is to help communities decide how to coordinate the I-Codes with their floodplain management programs and land development procedures. This will minimize conflicts and streamline review procedures. This tri-fold brochure highlights the benefits of the [...]

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FEMA L-233 – Taking Shelter From the Storm: Building a Safe Room for Your Home or Small Business (December 2008)

This brochure is about FEMA 320, Taking Shelter From the Storm, Building a Safe Room For Your Home or Small Business, which is now in its third edition. It describes briefly how having a safe room built for your home or small business can help provide “near-absolute protection” for you and your family or employees [...]

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Homeowner’s Guide to Retrofitting

This brochure presents a brief overview of the information in FEMA 312, Homeowner’s Guide to Retrofitting using photographs and illustrations.

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FEMA L-782 – Building Science for Disaster-Resistant Communities: Flood Hazard Publications

This brochure provides readers with a quick summary of publications that will help them prepare for and mitigate against flood hazards. The Building Science Branch develops and produces technical guidance and tools focused on fostering a disaster-resistant built environment. Located within FEMA’s Federal Insurance and Mitigation Administration’s (FIMA’s) Risk Reduction Division, the Building Science Branch [...]

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FEMA L-781 – Building Science for Disaster-Resistant Communities: Hurricane Hazard Publications (November 2011)

This brochure provides readers with a quick summary of publications that will help them prepare for and mitigate against hurricane hazards. The Building Science Branch develops and produces technical guidance and tools focused on fostering a disaster-resistant built environment. Located within FEMA’s Federal Insurance and Mitigation Administration’s (FIMA’s) Risk Reduction Division, the Building Science Branch [...]

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FEMA L-780 – Building Science for Disaster-Resistant Communities: Wind Hazard Publications (November 2011)

This brochure provides readers with a quick summary of publications that will help them prepare for and mitigate against wind hazards. The Building Science Branch develops and produces technical guidance and tools focused on fostering a disaster-resistant built environment. Located within FEMA’s Federal Insurance and Mitigation Administration’s (FIMA’s) Risk Reduction Division, the Building Science Branch [...]

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Repetitive Loss Property (RLP) Viewer 2.0

The Repetitive Loss Property (RLP) Viewer 2.0 is a standalone application capable of connecting to any standard National Tool (NT) database in Access format (.MDB) that uses GIS to display point features representing floodprone properties. The NT User’s Guide, FEMA 497, provides assistance in using both tools. The National Flood Mitigation Data Collection Tool, FEMA [...]

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National Flood Mitigation Data Collection Tool (FEMA 497 CD)

The National Tool (NT) was developed for Nationwide use to gather information about floodprone structures in order to evaluate appropriate long-term mitigation measures. Having detailed data helps to create a clearer picture of the property and its flood risk. The Repetitive Loss Property (RLP) Viewer 2.0 is a standalone application capable of connecting to any [...]

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Substantial Damage Estimator (SDE)

The SDE 2.0 Tool was developed by FEMA to assist State & local officials in determining substantial damage for residential & non-residential structures in accordance with a local floodplain management ordinance meeting the requirements of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). The tool can be used to assess flood, wind, wildfire, seismic, & other forms [...]

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Design and Construction Guidance for Breakaway Walls Below Elevated Coastal Buildings (August 2008)

Provides guidance on the NFIP regulations concerning the design and construction of breakaway walls beneath elevated buildings in Coastal High Hazard Areas (Zones V, VE, and VI-V30).

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Free-of-Obstruction Requirements

Provides guidance on the NFIP regulations concerning obstructions to flood waters below elevated buildings and on building sites in Coastal High Hazard Areas (Zones V, VE, and V1-V30).

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Elevator Installation

Provides guidance on the NFIP regulations concerning the installation of elevators below the Base Flood Elevation in Special Flood Hazard Areas (both A and V zones).

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Flood Damage-Resistant Materials Requirements

Provides guidance on the NFIP regulations concerning the required use of flood-damage resistant construction materials for building components located below the Base Flood Elevation in Special Flood Hazard Areas (both A and V zones).

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Openings in Foundation Walls and Walls of Enclosures (August 2008)

Provides guidance on the NFIP regulations concerning the requirement for openings in below-Base Flood Elevation foundation walls and walls of enclosures for buildings located in Zones A, AE, A1-A30, AR, AO, and AH.

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User’s Guide to NFIP Technical Bulletins

This User’s Guide is intended to assist those using the Technical Bulletins issued by the FEMA Mitigation Directorate. This Guide contains a Key Word/Subject Index that identifies topics contained in the Technical Bulletins regarding the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). Reference sources and information about ordering additional NFIP publications are also provided.

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FEMA 542 – Design Guide for Improving Critical Facility Safety from Flooding and High Winds: Providing Protection to People and Buildings (January 2007)

This manual concentrates on critical facilities (hospitals, schools, fire and police stations, and emergency operation centers). It is based on the behavior of critical facilities during Hurricane Katrina and makes recommendations on the performance of these types of buildings. It provides building professionals and decisionmakers with information and guidelines for implementing a variety of mitigation [...]

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FEMA 577 – Design Guide for Improving Hospital Safety in Earthquakes, Floods, and High Winds: Providing Protection to People and Buildings

The intent of the Design Guide is to provide its audience with state-of-the-art knowledge on the variety of vulnerabilities faced by hospitals exposed to earthquakes, flooding, and high-winds risks, as well as the best ways to mitigate the risk of damage and disruption of hospital operations caused by these events. The information presented in this [...]

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FEMA P-424 – Design Guide for Improving School Safety in Earthquakes, Floods and High Winds

This manual is intended to provide guidance for the protection of school buildings from natural disasters. This volume concentrates on grade schools, K-12. FEMA P-424 covers earthquakes, floods, and high winds. Its intended audience is design professionals and school officials involved in the technical and financial decisions of school construction, repair, and renovations. NOTE: This [...]

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Midwest Floods Recovery Advisories

These 2 Recovery Advisories are part of the Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) report for Midwest Floods of 2008 in Iowa and Wisconsin. They deal with design considerations for improving critical facility functionality during flood events, and considerations for rebuilding your flood-damaged house.

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FEMA P-765 – Midwest Floods of 2008 in Iowa and Wisconsin

In response to the 2008 Midwest floods, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) deployed a Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) to evaluate and assess the damages caused by the riverine flooding in Iowa and southern Wisconsin. This report documents the MAT’s observations, conclusions, and recommendations on the performance of buildings and other structures impacted by the [...]

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2007 Tornadoes in Florida Recovery Advisories

The following 2007 Recovery Advisories provide information about tornado risk, sheltering from tornadoes, and improving manufactured homes against damage from high winds.

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2007 Tornadoes in Kansas Recovery Advisories

The purpose of these three Tornado Recovery Advisory (RAs) is to provide information about tornado risks and hazards, storm shelter design criteria, and residential sheltering from tornadoes.

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Recovery Advisories from the Tornado MATs for Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Georgia, and Missouri

Eight (8) new Recovery Advisories (RAs) from the Tornado Mitigation Assessment Teams (MATs) for Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Georgia, and Missouri are now available. RA1 – Tornado Risks and Hazards in the Southeastern United States. RA2 – Safe Rooms: Selecting Design Criteria. RA3 – Residential Sheltering: In-Residence and Stand-Alone Safe Rooms. RA4 – Safe Rooms and [...]

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Building Performance Assessment Team Report – Kansas & Oklahoma Tornadoes

In response to the disasters caused by the May 3 tornadoes, FEMA deployed a Building Performance Assessment Team (BPAT), composed of national experts in engineering, architecture, meteorology, and planning, to Oklahoma and Kansas. The mission of the BPAT was to assess the performance of buildings affected by the tornadoes, investigate losses, and describe the lessons [...]

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Mitigation Assessment Team Report – Spring 2011 Tornadoes: April 25-28 and May 22

This report presents the MATs observations, conclusions, and recommendations in response to those field investigations. The mission of the MATs was to assess the performance of structures affected by the tornadoes, investigate safe room and shelter performance in the affected areas, and describe the lessons learned to help future efforts to more successfully mitigate tornado [...]

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Mitigation Assessment Team Report: Summary Report on Building Performance 2004 Hurricane Season (March 2005)

The purpose of this document is to summarize the observations, conclusions, and recommendations that were obtained during post-disaster assessments sponsored by the FEMA Mitigation Division in response to Florida 2004 hurricane season. More than ten rapid response teams and two Mitigation Assessment Teams (MATs) were deployed to document observations and provide recommendations. The rapid response [...]

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Hurricane Charley (2004) Hurricane Recovery Advisories

These three hurricane recovery advisories are part of the Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) report for Hurricane Charley (2004) in Florida.

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Mitigation Assessment Team Report: Hurricane Charley in Florida (April 2005)

This report summarizes the observations, conclusions, and recommendations of the Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) deployed by FEMA on August 19, 2004, in response to Hurricane Charley. The team assessed damage across the width of the storm track, from its landfall near the communities on Sanibel and Captiva Islands to inland areas around Orlando. The MAT [...]

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Hurricane Ivan in Alabama and Florida: Observations, Recommendations and Technical Guidance

This report summarizes the observations, conclusions, and recommendations that resulted from post-disaster assessments sponsored by FEMA in response to Florida’s 2004 hurricane season. During the 2004 season, the State was struck by Hurricanes Charley, Frances, Jeanne, and Ivan. More than 10 rapid-response teams and two Mitigation Assessment Teams were deployed to document observations and provide [...]

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Hurricane Katrina (2005) Recovery Advisories

These eight hurricane recovery advisories are part of the Hurricane Katrina in the Gulf Coast: Mitigation Assessment Team Report, Building Performance Observations, Recommendations, and Technical Guidance (FEMA 549).

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Summary Report on Building Performance: Hurricane Katrina 2005 (April 2006)

In the weeks following Hurricane Katrina, a Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) was deployed to the affected Gulf Coast areas to assess the performance of buildings. Based on the observed damage, the MAT also evaluated the adequacy of current building codes and provided suggestions to update the codes.

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Hurricane Katrina in the Gulf Coast: Mitigation Assessment Team Report, Building Performance Observations, Recommendations, and Technical Guidance (July 2006)

In response to Hurricane Katrina, FEMA deployed a Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) to evaluate and assess damage from the hurricane and provide observations, conclusions, and recommendations on the performance of buildings and other structures impacted by wind and flood forces. The conclusions and recommendations of the report provide decision-makers with information and technical guidance that [...]

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Hurricane Ike (2008) Recovery Advisories

These 8 Recovery Advisories are part of the Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) report for Hurricane Ike (2008) in Texas and Louisiana.

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FEMA P-757 – Hurricane Ike in Texas and Louisiana: Mitigation Assessment Team Report, Building Performance Observations, Recommendations, and Technical Guidance (April 2009)

In response to Hurricane Ike, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) deployed a Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) to evaluate and assess damage from the hurricane and provide observations, conclusions, and recommendations on the performance of buildings and other structures impacted by wind and flood forces. The MAT included FEMA Headquarters and Regional Office engineers, representatives [...]

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I-Codes Sample Checklists for Flood Hazards

This document contains a Plan Review Checklist for Flood Hazard Area Application Review and an Inspection Checklist for Flood Hazard Area Inspections in both A Zones and V Zones.

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Highlights of ASCE 24-05 Flood Resistant Design and Construction

The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) 24 is a referenced standard in the International Building Code®. Any building or structure that falls within the scope of the IBC that is proposed in a flood hazard area is to be designed in accordance with ASCE 24. The International Residential Code® requires that dwellings in floodways [...]

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Provisions of the 2009 I-Codes and ASCE 24 Compared to the NFIP (January 2011)

This table is a comparison of the provisions of the 2009 I-Codes/ASCE 24-05 and the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) requirements.

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Flood Resistant Provisions of the 2009 International Building Code (January 2011)

This document is a compilation of flood resistant provisions, prepared by FEMA, of the 2009 International Code Series (IBC, IRC, IEBC IMC, IPC, IFGC, IPSDC, IFC). Also included, as a separate document, is a summary of changes from the 2006 IBC. The 2006 and 2009 editions of the I-Codes contain provisions that are consistent with [...]

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Flood Resistant Provisions of the 2012 International Code Series (January 2012)

This document is a compilation of flood resistant provisions, prepared by FEMA, of the 2012 International Code Series (IBC, IRC, IEBC IMC, IPC, IFGC, IPSDC, IFC). Also included, as a separate document, is a summary of changes from the 2009 IBC. The 2012 edition of the I-Codes contains provisions that are consistent with the minimum [...]

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Flood Hazard Mitigation Handbook for Public Facilities (June 2001)

The Flood Hazard Mitigation Handbook for Public Facilities (Handbook) is intended to aid local jurisdictions in identifying a variety of feasible mitigation ideas that can be implemented during the rebuilding process.

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Hurricane Mitigation: A Handbook for Public Facilities

The Hurricane Hazard Mitigation Handbook for Public Facilities (Handbook) is intended to aid local jurisdictions in identifying a variety of feasible mitigation measures that can be implemented during the rebuiding process.

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Reducing Flood Losses through the International Code (Third Edition, December 2008)

The 3rd edition of this guide is intended to help community officials decide how to integrate the 2006 edition (and 2007 Supplement) of the International Codes (I-Codes) into their current floodplain development and regulatory processes in order to meet the requirements to participate in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). Careful attention is required to [...]

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FEMA 348 – Protecting Building Utilities from Flood Damage (November 1999)

The overall objective of this document is to assist in the construction of buildings with building utility systems that are designed and built so that the buildings can be re-occupied and fully operational as soon as electricity and sewer and water are restored to the neighborhood.

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FEMA 347 – Above the Flood: Elevating your Floodprone House (May 2000)

This publication shows how floodprone houses in south Florida were elevated above the 100-year flood level following Hurricane Andrew. Alternative elevation techniques are also demonstrated.

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FEMA 361 – Design and Construction Guidance for Community Safe Rooms (Second Edition, August 2008)

This document presents important information about the design and construction of community safe rooms that will provide protection during tornado and hurricane events. Community safe rooms are designed and constructed to protect a large number of people from a natural hazard event. The number of persons taking refuge in the shelter will typically be more [...]

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FEMA 320 – Taking Shelter From the Storm: Building a Safe Room For Your Home or Small Business (Third Edition, August 2008)

Having a safe room built for your home or small business can help provide “near-absolute protection” for you and your family or employees from injury or death caused by the dangerous forces of extreme winds such as tornadoes and hurricanes. Taking Shelter From the Storm, Building a Safe Room For Your Home or Small Business, [...]

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FEMA P-737 – Home Builder’s Guide to Construction in Wildfire Zones

The purpose of these Technical Fact Sheets is to provide information about wildfire behavior and recommendations for building design and construction methods in the wildland/urban interface. Implementation of the recommended design and construction methods can greatly increase the chances of a building’s survival in a wildfire.

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FEMA P-754 – Wildfire Hazard Mitigation Handbook for Public Facilities (October 2008)

This Handbook is intended for use by State, local, tribal, and private, non-profit Applicants for assistance, FEMA and State PA Group Supervisors, and FEMA and State PA Program Project Specialists. The Handbook can be used to identify potentially feasible mitigation measures that can be implemented during the repair and rebuilding of damaged facilities after a [...]

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FEMA P-762 – Local Officials Guide for Coastal Construction (February 2009)

This document was developed to assist building officials in understanding the connection between National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) guidelines, the International Building Code, and the International Residential Code. Additionally, flood and wind provisions of both ASCE 7-05 and ASCE 24-05 are presented and discussed. The guide also explores building performance and real-life success and failures [...]

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FEMA 388-CD – Safe Room and Community Shelter Resource CD (March 2009)

On this CD, you will find displays, posters, handouts, multimedia, and other resources that provide information about mitigating for tornadoes or other high-wind events and about the importance of safe rooms and community shelter construction in saving lives during such events. Included on this CD are: safe room display panels which contain artwork for reproducing [...]

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FEMA P-431 – Tornado Protection: Selecting Refuge Area in Buildings, Second Edition (Second Edition, October 2009)

This booklet presents information that will aid qualified architects and engineers in the identification of the best available refuge areas in existing buildings.

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FEMA P-85 – Protecting Manufactured Homes from Floods and Other Hazards (Second Edition, October 2009)

FEMA P-85 has been updated to reflect the requirements of the most current codes and standards and to provide a best practices approach in reducing damages from natural hazards. While the original version of FEMA 85 concentrated on flood and wind events, this version also addresses seismic hazards and recommends several multi-hazard resistant foundation designs. [...]

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FEMA P-312 – Homeowner’s Guide to Retrofitting Second Edition (Second Edition – December 2009)

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has prepared this guide specifically for homeowners who want to know how to protect their homes from flooding. As a homeowner, you need clear information about the options available to you and straightforward guidance that will help you make decisions. This guide gives you both, in a form designed [...]

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FEMA P-550 – Recommended Residential Construction for Coastal Areas: Building on Strong and Safe Foundations (Second Edition, December 2009)

Every storm has shown that, while good design and construction cannot completely eliminate risk, they can significantly reduce the risk to life and damage to property. This design manual provides recommended designs and guidance for rebuilding homes destroyed by hurricanes in the Gulf Coast. The manual also provides guidance in designing and building less vulnerable [...]

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FEMA P-758 – Substantial Improvement/Substantial Damage Desk Reference (May 2010)

To participate in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), communities must adopt and enforce regulations and codes that apply to new development in Special Flood Hazard Areas (SFHAs). Local floodplain management regulations and codes contain minimum NFIP requirements that apply not only to new structures, but also to existing structures which are “substantially improved (SI)” [...]

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FEMA P-798 – Natural Hazards and Sustainability for Residential Buildings (September 2010)

This document examines current green building rating systems in a broader context. It identifies green building practices—the tools of today’s green building rating systems—that are different from historical residential building practices and that, unless implemented with an understanding of their interactions with the rest of the structure, have the potential to compromise a building’s resistance [...]

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FEMA P-804 – Wind Retrofit Guide for Residential Buildings (December 2010)

The purpose of this Guide is to provide guidance on how to improve the wind resistance of existing residential buildings in Mississippi and across the Gulf Coast. Although this Guide was developed to support initiatives in the Gulf Coast region, the content of this document should serve as guidance on retrofitting existing buildings for improved [...]

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FEMA P-499 – Home Builder’s Guide to Coastal Construction

FEMA produced this series of 37 fact sheets to provide technical guidance and recommendations concerning the construction of coastal residential buildings. The fact sheets present information aimed at improving the performance of buildings subject to flood and wind forces in coastal environments. Photographs and drawings illustrate National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) regulatory requirements, the proper [...]

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FEMA P-55 – Coastal Construction Manual: Principles and Practices of Planning, Siting, Designing, Constructing, and Maintaining Residential Buildings in Coastal Areas (4th ed.)

The 2011 CCM, 4th Ed. (FEMA P-55), is a 2-volume publication that provides a comprehensive approach to planning, siting, designing, constructing, & maintaining homes in the coastal environment. Volume I provides information about hazard identification, siting decisions, regulatory requirements, economic implications, & risk management. The primary audience for Volume I is design professionals, officials, & [...]

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FEMA P-259 – Engineering Principles and Practices of Retrofitting Floodprone Residential Structures, Third Edition

The third edition of this document is intended to further aid homeowners in selecting and successfully executing a flood retrofit on their home. Engineering design and economic guidance on what constitutes feasible and cost-effective retrofitting measures for flood-prone residential and non-residential structures are presented. Elevation, relocation, dry floodproofing, wet floodproofing, and the use of levees [...]

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Preparing for Hurricane Season

Retired Lt. General Russel Honoré, known for his leadership during the Hurricane Katrina recovery efforts, stresses the importance of weather preparedness. Backup power from a KOHLER standby generator allows you to take care of family and property.

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10 Safety Tips for Power Outages

10 Tips to stay safe during power outages

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Things to Consider Before Purchasing a Standby Generator

If you’re in the market for a standby generator, there’s a lot to think about. Before you buy, consider these helpful tips.

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How Standby Generators Work

One-minute educational video that explains how standby generators can automatically provide backup power to a home during power outages.

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What is a standby generator?

Educational video providing a brief overview of what a standby home generator is. Presented in easy-to-understand layperson’s terms.

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How To Protect Your Home From Power Outages

Tips for homeowners on how to protect their homes from the effects of extended utility power outages.

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Host Your Own Great Winter Weather Party

Every year the winter season brings guests like ice, snow and chill to visit towns and cities across the country. However, many families are not ready to properly greet these guests when they arrive. With these simple tips, FLASH makes it easy to throw your own Great Winter Weather Party to help ensure families in [...]

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Prepare Your Family: Away From Home

If a winter storm strands you away from home, you’ll want to keep the “party” going where ever you are. Keep unwanted guests like frostbite and hypothermia far away with these tips.

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Prepare Your Family: At Home

If a winter storm keeps you indoors at home, there are some plans that can be made before the first flake falls to make sure everyone in the family is safe and ready to face winter’s most unwelcome guests.

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Outdoor Spaces

Making sure the outside of your home is party ready is just as important as taking care of the inside during the winter months. Checking off these lists will ensure your home is ready for winter’s frosty visitors.

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Weathering the Weather

Snow, ice and below freezing temperatures can wreak havoc on your home. Preventing ice dams, frozen pipes and keeping the warm air inside where it belongs will go a long way in making sure your home is in tip top shape before Old Man Winter shows up for the Great Weather Party.

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Fireplace and Furnace Safety

As the nights get cooler, you will be looking for ways to keep warm including lighting up the fireplace, cranking up the furnace and turning on the space heaters. A house fire is not a guest you would want to invite to your Great Winter Weather Party. These tips will help you keep your family [...]

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Great Hurricane Blowout Power Free Recipes

Do you know what to do with the perishable food in your freezer or refrigerator if the power goes out for an extended period of time?

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Great Hurricane Blowout T-Shirt Transfer Artwork

Use this t-shirt transfer to show off the fact that you have declared yourself “tapeless” this hurricane season.

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Great Hurricane Blowout Web Artwork

Use this artwork to link to the Great Hurricane Blowout from your website.

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Bring the Blowout to Your Town!

With these simple tips, FLASH makes it easy for you bring the fun, excitement and helpful resources of the Great Hurricane Blowout to the families in your community.

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Questions to Ask Your Contractor

It is critical to choose a professional, licensed and well-established contractor when performing mitigation. Asking your professional contractor these six questions can ensure that you make an informed decision.

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Wildfire Wizard

The interactive WildFIRE Wizard is a tool designed for wildfire prevention educators and professionals to help homeowners understand how landscaping, terrain and structural features increase or decrease their home’s vulnerability during a wildfire. The Wizard allows the user to input details about features including windows, doors, roof, exterior walls and landscaping and then creates a [...]

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Safe Room Cost Calculator

How much would it cost to include a Safe Room into your New Build or remodeling plans?

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A Homeowner’s Insurance Guide to Natural Disasters

Does your homeownders insurance policy protect your home against flood? What disasters are covered in your policy? These questions and others are answered in a guide co-published by FLASH adn the Actuarial Foundation.

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Protect Your Home in a FLASH – One Day

Protect your home from hurricanes with one day projects around your home.

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Protect Your Home in a FLASH – One Hour

Protect your home from hurricanes with one hour projects around your home.

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Protect Your Home in a FLASH – One Weekend

Protect your home from hurricanes with one weekend projects around your home.

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Protect Your Home in a FLASH – Wind Inspection

Step by step instructions to learn about your home’s ability to withstand a hurricane.

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DIY Hurricane Home Preparedness Inspection

Making sure your home can properly withstand damage from a natural disaster is important. Homeownrs can click here to find interactive, useful tools to help strengthen their homes.

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Making and Installing Plywood Shutters

If your home is not protected by impact-resistant windows and doors or impact-resistant shutters or panels, consider building your own temporary emergency panels.

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Enhancing Roof Sheating Attachment

You can improve your roof’s resistance to uplift without removing any of your roof covering! Proper application of the right caulk can increase the wind uplift resistance of your plywood roof sheathing by as much as three times! This one day activity should be started in the early morning hours as attics can become quite [...]

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Hurricane Resistant Soffits

Properly installed soffits keep water out of your house and hurricanes will bring plenty. Soffits should stay in place in most high wind events, so take the day to make sure yours will stand up to a hurricane. Suitable caulking will ensure your soffits are fit for hurricane season.

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Getting Gutters Hurricane-Ready

Your gutters are there to direct rainfall away from your home and prevent flooding. This only works if your gutters are free of debris and in good shape. Take the day to clear out leaves or any other debris. While you’re up there make sure you don’t have any rusted out spots, holes or openings.

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Hurricane Resistant Landscaping

In a high wind event anything can become a dangerous flying object. Take a day to make your landscaping more hurricane resistant. Activities include replacing landscaping rocks with mulch or trimming back tree limbs hanging over your roof.

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Protect Your Home in a FLASH DIY Wind Inspection Checklist

It’s time to get the house ready for hurricane season. A well built home can stand up to hurricanes so gather the family to make sure your house is hurricane-ready. The best place to start is with a Do-It-Yourself Wind Inspection to find out what is ok with your house and what needs attention.

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One-Stop Hazard Resource Guide

Originally developed as a media reference guide, the FLASH One-Stop Resource Guide provides concise safety information in a compact format. The guide can be produced with your logo and information for individual states or regions on specific topics such as Hurricanes, High Winds, Floods, or an All-Hazards Guide.

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Earthquake: Protect your Contents FLASH Card

During an earthquake, home furnishings and contents can collapse or fall and cause injury. Keep your family safe in three steps: Look Up, Look Around, Look Down.

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Winter Freeze FLASH Card

Winter storms pose serious threats to people, pets and property. Extreme cold, freezing rain, snow and strong winds can be especially dangerous. Take precautions now to protect your family and your home.

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Wildfire FLASH Card

You can help protect your home and property from wildfire by doing yard work and home maintenance before fire season.

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Turn Around Don’t Drown FLASH Card

More deaths occur due to flooding each year than from any other thunderstorm or hurricane related hazard. Many of these casualties are a result of careless or unsuspecting motorists who attempt to navigate flooded roads. FLASH and the National Weather Service now warn anyone who comes to a flooded roadway, “Turn Around…Don’t Drown!” ®

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Severe Wind FLASH Card

The Severe Wind FLASH Card provides concise, accurate disaster-safety information that has been thoroughly revewed and approved by the nation’s leading emergency management professionals. The cards are perfect for trade shows, customer giveaways, or as statement stuffers.

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Sandbags FLASH Card

Sandbags can redirect storm water and debris flows away from homes and other structures if they are properly filled and maintained.

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Safe Room FLASH Card

A safe room, or storm shelter, provides the highest degree of protection for you and your family from the dangerous forces of extreme winds and debris impacts. Consider the following information for building or installing a safe room in your home.

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Power Outage FLASH Card

Whether a power outage in your home is caused by grid failure or severe weather, you can take the following steps to safely prepare and respond. Remember to include power outages in your family disaster plan.

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Pet Safety FLASH Card

Hurricane season is June 1 through November 30. FLASH is urging pet owners to ACT NOW to properly prepare pets in the likely case of a hurricane.

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NOAA Weather Radio FLASH Card

NOAA All Hazards Weather Radio (NWR) is the ‘Voice of NOAA’s National Weather Service.’ It provides critical life-saving weather information and other emergency messages to inform the public when properly placed within your home.

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Lightning FLASH Card

Electrical strikes and surges from lightning can destroy electronic devices in your house, but this damage can often be reduced or even prevented by installing a system of lightning or surge protection that consists of point-of-use devices, a whole house surge device, or a lightning protection system.

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Hurricane FLASH Card

Preparing your home for a hurricane can be as simple as the A-B-C’s!

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Homeland Security FLASH Card

Unlike with a Hurricane or a Flood there will likely be NO WARNING for a terrorist attack. Therefore, families need to plan ahead, communicate that plan, test it and stock up on necessary supplies. Your family disaster plan should include emergency contacts, identification of meeting places and a disaster supply kit.

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Heatwave FLASH Card

Excessive heat comparably kills as many people in the US each year as hurricanes. The elderly, very young, obese and those who work outdoors or have substance abuse problems are most at risk from succumbing to heat. Additionally, people in urban areas are more susceptible as asphalt and cement tend to hold in heat throughout [...]

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Hailstorm FLASH Card

Hail might seem like a minor concern but it can shatter windows, leave pockmarks in siding and most importantly destroy or damage roof coverings. Here are some helpful hints to protect your home.

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Flood FLASH Card

On average, flooding causes more than 90 percent of disaster-related property damage in the U.S. each year. Preparation is the key to surviving a flood and reducing property damage.

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Flood Safety FLASH Card

More deaths occur due to flooding each year than from any other thunderstorm or hurricane related hazard. Many of these casualties are a result of careless or unsuspecting motorists who attempt to navigate flooded roads. FLASH and the National Weather Service warn anyone who comes to a flooded roadway, “Turn around…don’t drown!”TM

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Emergency Board-UP FLASH Card

FLASH recommends that you install tested and approved shutters for the highest level of protection from windborne debris. However, the following basic recommendations found in this FLASH card can be used in extreme emergencies to add temporary protection to doors and windows.

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Earthquake FLASHCard: Protect your Family

Earthquakes strike with no warning, leaving many homeowners and families unprepared for injuries and property loss. This FLASH Card provides tips to help safeguard your family against earthquakes.

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Earthquake: Protect your Home FLASH Card

The majority of the United States is susceptible to an earthquake of some magnitude; not just the West coast. The central Mississippi Valley, parts of the East coast and the US Territories are also at risk. This FLASH card provides steps that can be taken before an earthquake to protect your family and home today.

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Earthquake: Protect your Home FLASH Card

The majority of the United States is susceptible to an earthquake of some magnitude; not just the West coast. The central Mississippi Valley, parts of the East coast and the US Territories are also at risk. This FLASH card provides steps that can be taken before an earthquake to protect your family and home today.

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Disabilities (people with) FLASH Card

People with disabilities often require assistance and additional lead time to prepare for a disaster. This FLASH Card, while not exhaustive, provides some practical tips for those with special needs.

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After the Storm FLASH Card

The After the Storm FLASH Card provides concise, accurate disaster-safety information that has been thoroughly reviewed and approved by the nation’s leading emergency management professionals.

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JetStream

JetStream, the National Weather Service Online Weather School, is designed to help educators, emergency managers, or anyone interested in learning about weather and weather safety.

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Flood Safety FLASH Card

How to stay safe during a flood

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Earthquake FLASH Card: Prepare Your Home

Structural Mitigation for Earthquakes

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Great Winter Weather Party

News Release Template

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